Curative baths have been known for thousands of years, ever since the healing effect of baths was discovered in ancient Greece.
In the area of springs considered to show healing properties , an esculapian order held the so-called ‘health temples’. The rise of the oldest European health resorts is the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries. The positive properties of water baths were initially only empirically determined, until in the 17th century, after the first chemical analyses of waters, more precise mechanisms of action could be described.
Polish SPA therapeutics
The beginning of SPA therapeutics in Poland dates back to the 12th century, when Cieplice – Zdrój was first mentioned. King Stefan Batory’s court physician and one of the first polish balneologists Wojciech Oczko described the preparation and indications of particular baths in his 1578 work, ‘Cieplice’.
SPAs were popular among kings and nobility in particular. Fryderyk Chopin, Stefan Żeromski, Ignacy Paderewski or Bolesław Prus were some of the visitors. SPA therapeutics bloomed most in the 18th and 19th centuries, when many more facilities were created and new treatments were introduced. Until the end of the 18th century, warm spring baths and
drinking mineral water were very widespread and considered a cure for any illness, which was partly caused by lack of medical knowledge. In the 19th century, the basis of SPA therapeutics was defined by professor Józef Dietl, the rector of the Jagiellonian University who is called the father of modern balneology.
Curative saline baths nowadays
Nowadays, spa treatments are mainly recommended in chronic diseases. It is also advisable to perform some of the treatments at home to enhance the effectiveness of the therapy (or, quite often, to replace it). It was the reason why, in the first half of the 19th century, therapeutic salt was invented in our country. It is obtained from natural salts through water evaporation. The process of salt brewing is simple and only requires the use of heat. The salts contain all the natural brine components without the addition of ingredients of foreign origin. No change of its form or additional preservation is necessary. In Poland, the precursors in the production of medicinal salt were establishments in Ciechocinek and Iwonicz.
Today, in addition to these spas, therapeutic salt is only produced by Salco, our traditional pan-brewing company in Łapczyca, located by Lesser Poland’s Bochnia. It was here, in the 60s of the last century, that the unique, highly mineralized Miocene brine was discovered during geological drilling. These brines, apart from their high content of sodium chloride (about 17%) are also rich in bio-nutrients including sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, iodine, bromine and iron. It is this unique composition and similarity to the minerals contained in the human body that makes them an excellent raw material for the production of many valuable salt products, including the Curative Salt of Bochnia produced for over 40 years.Back to all articles